|Membrane Bioreactor (MBR)|
|Overview||The Membrane Bioreactor is based on the conventional wastewater process like ASP, but the separation of micro-organisms is performed by filtration with membranes. It is now widely used for municipal and industrial wastewater treatment.|
|How Does it Works||
During MBR wastewater treatment, solid–liquid separation is achieved by Microfiltration (MF) or Ultrafiltration (UF) membranes. A membrane is simply a two-dimensional material used to separate components of fluids usually on the basis of their relative size or electrical charge. The capability of a membrane to allow transport of only specific compounds is called semi-permeability (sometimes also permselective). This is a physical process, where separated components remain chemically unchanged. Components that pass through membrane pores are called permeate, while rejected ones form concentrate or retentate.
|Pollutants Removed||BOD, COD, TKN, TP , TSS, Fecal Coliform|
|Area of Application||Industrial & Municipal|
|Treatment cost per Cubic Meter||Unknown|